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独立式住宅庭院(landscape)设计要点

  院落风格的选择/The choice of courtyard style

  首先,独立式住宅是所有者的私有产业,其庭院的设计风格一定根据所有者的个人要求,并根据所有者的身份,个性,爱好和家庭成员结构来确定。独立式庭院的风格可以概括为两类:常规庭院和自然庭院。目前,独立屋的院落风格选择通常是根据主体建筑的风格来确定的。其次,庭院的建筑色彩对独立房屋的庭院风格也有要点影响。很常见的方法是根据建筑色彩和周围环境确定院子的主要色彩,以达到色彩的和谐统一。此外,观叶植物也是影响独立式住宅庭院风格的要点因素之一。设计时,还应考虑叶片形状变化,质地差异和观叶植物的季节变化等因素。

First of all, the detached house is the owner's private property, and the design style of the courtyard must be determined according to the owner's personal requirements, and according to the owner's identity, personality, hobbies and family member structure. The styles of detached courtyards can be summarized into two categories: conventional and natural. At present, the courtyard style of individual houses is usually determined according to the style of the main building. Secondly, the courtyard building color also has a key influence on the courtyard style of the independent house. A very common method is to determine the main color of the courtyard according to the building color and the surrounding environment, in order to achieve a harmonious unity of colors. In addition, leaf-viewing plants are also one of the key factors affecting the style of the courtyard of the detached house. In the design, the change of leaf shape, the difference of texture and the seasonal change of the plants should also be considered.

  庭院地理条件的影响/The influence of the geographical conditions of the courtyard

  植物的生长发育受排水,光照,通风,土壤质量等许多因素的影响,尤其是光照条件,这直接影响我们对花卉品种的选择。良好的照明条件和朝南的条件是独立式住宅庭院的理想地理条件。因此,在进行独立式住宅的院落景观设计之前,一定研究和分析院落的地理条件。例如全天的日照时间,阴凉处和日光的处理等。植物种类的选择取决于庭院的地理条件。阴影区域可建在阴影花园和其他独特的子场中以供观看。

Plant growth and development are influenced by many factors such as drainage, light, ventilation, soil quality, especially light conditions, which directly affect our choice of flower varieties. Good lighting and south-facing conditions are ideal geographical conditions for detached house courtyards. Therefore, before the courtyard landscape design of the independent residence, the geographical conditions of the courtyard must be studied and analyzed. Such as the duration of daylight, shade and sunlight treatment, etc. The choice of plant species depends on the geographical conditions of the yard. Shaded areas can be built in shaded gardens and other unique subfields for viewing.

  家庭成员的需求/The needs of family members

  家庭是社会的基本要素,每个家庭的组成各不相同。独立式住宅庭院的风格可以反映出居住家庭的生活方式。如果一家两口只有一个上班族,那么庭院通常只会种花,种树或多年生花,因为他们没有时间照顾花草。家庭中有孩子,应在庭院规划中为孩子设置大草坪。并种植颜色更鲜艳的花朵;如果家庭中有人喜欢照顾植物,则可以种植更多的时令花草。如果家庭中有人对花粉过敏,则不应选择开花植物。简而言之,庭院景观的风格和种植的植物的类型应该是满足家庭成员需求的起点和终点。

The family is the basic element of society and the composition of each family is different. The courtyard style of the detached house can reflect the lifestyle of the living family. If there is only one office worker in a family, the yard will usually only be planted with flowers, trees or perennials because they don't have time to take care of them. If there are children in the family, a large lawn should be provided for the children in the yard planning. And planting more brightly colored flowers; If someone in your family likes to take care of plants, plant more seasonal plants. Flowering plants should not be chosen if someone in the family is allergic to pollen. In short, the style of the courtyard landscape and the type of plants planted should be the starting point and the end point to meet the needs of the family members.

  庭院影响/Courtyard influence

  如果独栋别墅的庭院面积较大,则庭院景观风格可以有更多选择。因为庭院面积更大,所以可以容纳更多的植物。换句话说,可以有更多的植物景观组合供设计师选择。但是,植物配置一定坚持完整性原则,并保持庭院景观的统一风格。如果独栋别墅庭院的可用面积较小,则一定制定周密的空间分配计划,并且植物种类的选择也应相对较小。不管院子的可用面积是大是小,院子里道路的铺装都是设计的重点。您可以选择天然石材,各种颜色的地砖,黑白鹅卵石和其他铺路材料。

If the courtyard area of a detached house is larger, then the landscape style of the courtyard can be more choice. Because the courtyard is larger, it can accommodate more plants. In other words, there can be more plant landscape combinations for designers to choose from. However, the arrangement of plants must adhere to the principle of integrity and maintain the uniform style of the courtyard landscape. If the available space on the patio is small, a careful space allocation plan should be in place, and the selection of plant species should be relatively small. No matter how large or small the usable yard area is, the paving of the road in the yard is the focus of the design. You can choose natural stone, floor tiles in various colors, black and white cobblestones and other paving materials.

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